Publications

 

Agriculture

Abdullateef S. and Parkinson T. (2017). ‘Securing Syria’s academic knowledge and industrial future through participatory action research: a case study of agricultural engineering education.’ Higher Education Rising to the Challenge: Balancing Expectations of Students, Society and Stakeholders. Society for Research in Higher Education Annual Conference Proceedings. Boden L. Briefing Paper (2019) Global health and food security in fragile and conflict affected states (FCAS). Syrian academics and their role in the future of food security for Syria. University of Edinburgh Global Health Academy, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Boden L. Full Report (2019) Global health and food security in fragile and conflict affected states (FCAS). Syrian academics and their role in the future of food security for Syria. University of Edinburgh Global Health Academy, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Lakmes A., Jhar A., Brennan A. and Kahraman A. (2019). ‘The expression and inheritance of 100 seed weight and growth habit of ten wild crossed with cultivated chickpea (NAM) advanced generation populations.’ 1st International Gobeklitepe Agriculture Congress. 22-25 November 2019. Sanliurfa. Abdullateef S., Sarmini I. and Parkinson T. (2020). ‘Cross border connected learning in Northern Syria: An agricultural pilot study’. International Journal of Education and Research Open. ISSN 0883-0355 Abdullateef S., Alabboud A., Albayoush A., Alhusni M., Assaf M., Mashhour E., Saleh B. and Adam-Bradford A. (2020). ‘Agricultural knowledge from academy to farming communities: The role of higher education in enhancing food security in Syria.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 67-76 Ahmet A., Omaish H., Alabdullah M. O. Assaf M. and Zhou H. (2021). ‘A smart agricultural application: Automated detection of diseases in vine leaves using hybrid deep learning.’ Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. Al Darvish M., Al Kaddour A., Bourgol A., Ramazan Y., Hallak Y. and Kell S. (2022). ‘Survey and conservation of crop races in northwest Syria.’ Genetic Resources. Lakmes A., Jhar A., Penmetsa R., Wei W., Brennan A., and Kahriman A. (2022). ‘The quantitative genetics of flowering traits in wide crosses of chickpea.’ Agriculture. Lakmes A., Jhar A., Penmetsa V., Wei W., Brennan A., Kahriman A. (2022). ‘Inheritance of seed weight and growth habit in ten intercross chickpea (cicerarietinum) nested Association Mapping Populations.’ Plant Breeding. Boden L. Full Report (2022). ‘Cultures of expertise: Academics in exile and their role in the future of food security in Syria’. University of Edinburgh Global Academy of Agriculture and Food Systems, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Boden L. Policy Brief (2022). ‘Cultures of expertise: Academics in exile and their role in the future of food security in Syria’. University of Edinburgh Global Academy of Agriculture and Food Systems, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Boden L. Full Report (2022). ‘Syrian Food Futures: Visioning for the future of food security in Northwest Syria’. University of Edinburgh Global Academy of Agriculture and Food Systems, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Boden L. Briefing Paper (2022). ‘Syrian Food Futures: Visioning for the future of food security in Northwest Syria’. University of Edinburgh Global Academy of Agriculture and Food Systems, Global Challenges Research Fund and Cara. Edinburgh. Lakmes A., Jhar A., Brennan A., and Kahriman A. (2023). ‘Inheritance of early and late Ascochyta blight resistance in wide crosses of chickpea.’ Genes. Aldakhil M., Abdullateef S., Mahmoud F., Alhasan A., Lakmes A., Al Abdullah M., and Watmough G. R. (2023) ‘A Primary Evaluation of Syrian Forest Damage since 2011: A Case Study of Alhamam and Alboz Forest Sites’. iForest – Biogeosciences and Forestry. Al Darwish M., Al Kadour A., Bourgol, A., Ramazan, Y., Hallak, Y., Cavers, S., and Cottrell, J. (2023). ‘In situ conservation of wild relatives of fruit trees exposed to deterioration in northern Syria.’ Genetic Resources. Alhasan M., Lakmes A., Alobaidy M. G., Alhaeek S., Assaf M., Dawson L., Pirrie D., Abdeldayem Z. and Bridge, J. W. (2023) ‘A baseline survey of potentially toxic elements in the soil of north-west Syria following a decade of conflict’. Environmental Science: Advances. Barbu, M., Spinelli, M., and Abdullateef, S. (2023). ‘Agricultural Voices Syria: Promoting sustainable agriculture in conflict zones’. Sussex Sustainability Research Programme, Institute of Development studies. Brighton. Elewi, A., Haj Hamed, A., Khankan, R., Duman, S., Souag, A., and Ahmed, A. (2024) ‘Design and implementation of a cost-aware and smart oyster mushroom cultivation system’. Smart Agricultural Technology. Lakmes, A., Jhar, A., Sadanandom, A., Brennan, A. C., Kahriman, A. (2024) ‘Inheritance of Resistance to Chickpea Fusarium Wilt Disease (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris Race 2) in aWide-Cross Cicer arietinum × Cicer reticulatum Mapping Family’. Genes.

Cultural Heritage

Abdullah A., Ahmed W., Alabdullah S., Chikhou R. and Rashid Mamo A. (2020). ‘Supporting peacebuilding in Syria through universities: The role of cultural heritage.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 60-66. Al Mohamad A. Briefing Paper (2021) ‘Community responses to protecting archaeological sites during conflict: Evidence from northwest Syria’ Cara. London Al Mohamad A. and Baird J. (2021). ‘The destruction and looting of cultural heritage sites by ISIS in Syria: The case of Manbij and its countryside.’ International Journal of Cultural Property. Al Mohamad A. and Baird J. (2022). ‘The destruction of the cultural heritage in Syria: The case of Shah Hamdan tomb in the upper Euphrates between 1995 and 2019.’ Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies. Rashid Mamo A., Ibraheem I M., Al Kassem A., Al-Khalil A., Hopper K. (2022). ‘Impact of the Syrian conflict on archaeological sites in Al-Hasakah Province.’ Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. Almohamad A., Alsaad, H., and Muhammad Ali I. (2023) ‘Exploring reasons for divergent local communities’ responses to antiquities preservation during conflict in the northwest of Syria – 2014-2023’. Journal of Social Archaeology. Almohamad, A., Al-Nabo, A., and Houri, H. (2023) ‘ISIS’s impact on Syrian intangible cultural heritage: Marriage customs and rituals in the region of Manbij’. Contemporary Levant. Awwad, T., and Audeh, M. (2024) ‘Arslan Tash Palace: a reconsideration of the architecture, phases, chronology and use’. Levant.

Displacement

Dillabough J. A. and Fimyar A. (2018). ‘Professional identity in exile: A case study of Syrian displaced academics in Turkey.’ ECER 2018 Conference ‘Inclusion and Exclusion, Resources for Educational Research’. 4-7 September. 2018. Bolzano. McLaughlin C., Dillabough J A., Fimyar A., Al Azmeh Z., Abdullateef S. and Abedtalas M. (2018). ‘Professional identity in exile: A case study of Syrian displaced academics in Turkey.’ ECER 2018 Conference Paper ‘Inclusion and Exclusion, Resources for Educational Research.’ Abedtalas M., Toprak L., Al Oklah W. A., Alawak A., Aljasem A. and Aykol S. (2020). ‘The Determinants of economic adaption of refugees in Midyat Camp.’ Journal of Refugee Studies. Sarmini I., Scharbrodt O. and Topcu E. (2020). ‘Integrating Syrian refugee children in Turkey: The role of Turkish language skills (a case study in Gaziantep).’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. McLaughlin C., Dillabough J., Fimyar O., Al Azmeh Z., Abdullateef S., Abedtalas M., Al Abdullah S., Al Oklah W. A., Abdulhafiz A. H., Al Husien, Y., Al Ibrahim Z., Al Mohamad Al Ibrahim A., Barmu T. and Rashid Mamo A. (2020). ‘Testimonies of Syrian academics displacement post-2011: Time, place and the agentic self.’ International Journal of Education and Research Open. Abedtalas M., Donker T., Rashid Mamo A., Menla Al F. and Afara A. Briefing Paper (2021) ‘The Economic impact of internally displaced persons on host communities in the Albab district of northern Syria’ Cara. London. Anis R., Hacifazlioglu Ö., Doyran F., Osman Demir Ö. and Calia C. (2021). ‘The psycho-social needs of displaced Syrian youth in Turkish schools: A qualitative study.’ Cypriot Journal of Educational Sciences. Vol 16-4 Ibesh R., Ahmad W., Chikhou R., Jumah R., Sankar H. and Thurston A. (2021). ‘The educational experiences of Syrian women in countries of safety/asylum.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Vol. 22. Abdulkerim S., Albari M., MacKenzie A. and Thurston, A. (2021). ‘Report on a survey of mobility disability among Syrian refugees living in Turkey.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Vol. 22. Esved H., al-Hajj Hamed A., Shawwakh Mohammed U. (2022). ‘The image of the Syrian in post 2011 novels from neighbouring countries, a comparative study: Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan.’ Contemporary Levant. Abdeltalas M. and Mamo A. R. (2023). ‘Host community attitudes towards internally displaced persons: Evidence from Al-Bab, Syria’. Journal of Social and Development Sciences.

EAP (English for Academic Purposes)

Brewer S. and Whiteside K. (2018). ‘The Cara Syria programme: Integrating the teaching of English for academic purposes into a programme to support exiled Syrian academics.’ The protective role of language in global migration and mobility: language policies and practices in refugee settings Conference. 20-21 September 2018. Reading. Brewer S. and Whiteside K. (2019). ‘The Cara Syria Programme: Combining teaching of English for academic purposes with academic and research skills development.’ Language Learning in Higher Education. Vol 9. Issue 1, pp. 161-172. Brewer S., Jenkins M., Read D. and Whiteside K. (2019). ‘EAP for Syrian academics at risk: Facilitating engagement and collaboration.’ British Association of Lecturers in English for Academic Purposes (BALEAP 2019) Innovation, Exploration and Transformation Conference. 12-14 April 2019. Leeds. Brewer S. and Whiteside K. (2019). ‘The Cara Syria Programme: Integrating teaching of English for academic purposes into a programme supporting exiled Syrian academics.’ Linguistic Issues Conference. 3 July 2019. Reading. Charles M., Halil A., Jenkins M., Whiteside K. (2022). ‘Helping beginner researchers begin: Genre analysis and teaching materials for writing grant proposal summaries’. Norwegian Forum for EAP (NFEAP), Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway, 9-10 June 2022. Charles M., Halil A., Jenkins M., Whiteside K. (2022). ‘How to get funding? A pedagogically motivated genre analysis of a corpus of grant proposal summaries by L1 Arabic speakers’. Teaching and Language Corpora Conference (TaLC), University of Limerick, Ireland, 13-16 July 2022.

Energy & Technology

Al Haj Omar F. (2018). ‘Performance evaluation of P&O, IC and FL algorithms used in maximum power point tracking systems.’ International Conference on Engineering Technologies Proceedings. ICENTE’18 pp. 286-289. Al Haj Omar F., Gӧkkuş G. and Kulaksiz A. (2019). ‘Rapid control prototyping based on 32-bit ARM cortex-M3 microcontroller for photovoltaic MPPT algorithms.’ International Journal of Renewable Energy Research. Vol. 9, No. 4 Al Haj Omar F., Gӧkkuş G. and Kulaksiz A. (2019).’Şebekeden bağimsiz Fv sistemde maksimum güç noktasi takip algoritmalarinin değişken hava şartlari altinda karşilaştirmali analizi.’ Konya Mühendislik Bilimleri Dergisi. Vol 7, pp. 585-594. Alhaj Omar F., Anwer A. M. O. and and Kulaksiz A. A. (2020). ‘Design of a fuzzy logic-based MPPT controller for a PV system employing sensorless control of MRAS-based PMSM.’ International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems Alhaj Omar F., Anwer, A. M. O., Bakir H. and Kulaksiz A. A. (2020). ‘Sensorless control of a PMSM drive using EKF for wide speed range supplied by MPPT based solar PV system.’ Elektronika Ir Elektrotechnika. Vol 26/1, pp. 32-39. Alhaj Omar F., Farzat A., Hussian A., Mahmoud I., Mohr L. and Omaish H. (2020). ‘The effect of the Syrian crisis on electricity supply and the household life in north-west Syria – a university-based study.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 77-86. Ibraheem I., H., Faek Alnaser M., and Stephenson R. (2021). ‘IAS: a new novel phase-based filter for detection of unexploded ordinances.’ Remote Sensing. Al Haj Omar F. (2021), ‘The Effect of the Syrian Crisis on Electricity Supply and the household life in North- West Syria – an empirical survey’. Presented at International Renewable Energy Agency: ORES Virtual Conference, Day 3: Collecting Off-grid Renewable Statistics from Remote Rural Areas. 18 Feb 2021. Tello, A., Abdul Hafez A. H., and Sarakbi, B. (2021) ‘Real-time GP-based Wheelchair Corridor Following,’ 29th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU). Istanbul, 9-11 June 2021. Al Haj Omar F., Mahmoud I., and Cedano K.G. (2022). ‘Energy poverty in the face of armed conflict: The challenge of appropriate assessment in wartime Syria.’ Energy Research & Social Science.

Higher Education

Abdullateef S. and Parkinson T. (2017). ‘Securing Syria’s academic knowledge and industrial future through participatory action research: A case study of agricultural engineering education.’ Society for Research in Higher Education (SRHE) Annual Conference. 6-8 December 2017. Newport. Tancock, C. (2017). ‘Helping researchers from Syria: Mendeley and the Council for At-Risk Academics.’ Elsevier. Dillabough J A., Fimyar O., McLaughlin C., Al Azmeh Z., Abdullateef S. and Abedtalas M. (2018). ‘Conflict, insecurity and the political economies of higher education: The case of Syria post-2011.’ International Journal of Comparative Education and Development (IJCED). Vol 20, Issue 3-4, pp. 176-196. Parkinson T., Zoubir T., Abdullateef S., Abedtallas M., Al Ibrahim Z., Al Haj Omar F., Al Husni M., Allito H., Ghada S., Hamoud Haj H., Iboor F., Jenkins M., Rashwani A., Sennuo A. and Shaban F. (2018). ‘We are still here: The stories of Syrian academics in exile.’ International Journal of Comparative Education and Development (IJCED). Vol 20, Issue 3-4, pp. 132-147. Parkinson T. (2018). ‘A trialectic framework for large group processes in educational action research: The case of academic development for Syrian academics in exile.’ Educational Action Research. Vol 27:5, pp. 798-814. Parkinson T., Jenkins M., Brewer S., Camps C., Robertson K., Turner J., Whiteside K. and Zoubir T. (2018). ‘Supporting Syrian academics to be agents of change: The role of UK universities.’ Educational Developments Magazine, Staff and Educational Development Association (SEDA). Issue 19.3. Dillabough J., Fimyar O., McLaughlin C., Al Azmeh Z. and Jebril M. (2019) ‘Syrian higher education pre 2011’. British Council and Cara. London. McDonald K., Parkinson T. and Quinlan K. M. (2019). ‘Reconceptualising academic development as community development: Lessons from working with Syrian academics in exile.’ Higher Education. Vol 79, pp. 183-201. Parkinson T. (2019), ‘Building solidarity through comparative experiences of post/conflict academia: Reflections on two days of dialogue.’ At the Margins of the University: Scholarship and practice of higher education transformation and disruption in contexts of post/ conflict, inequality and oppression Conference. 20 September 2019. Belfast. Hutton W. (2019). ‘Cara Syria Programme, investing in Syria’s intellectual capital: Creating pathways to the future, academics as agents for change.’ IATEFL Global Issues SIG Newsletter. Issue 39. Abedtalas M., Alawak A., Aljasem A., Aloklah W. and Sarmini I. (2020). ‘Syrian higher education and social capital (in times of conflict).’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp.9-15. Al Azmeh Z., Dillabough J., Fimyar O., McLaughlin C., Abdullateef S., Aloklah A. W., Rashid Mamo A., Abdulhafiz A., Al Abdullah S., Al Husien Y., Al Mohamad Al Ibrahim A., Al Ibrahim Z., Barmu T., Farzat A. and Kadan B. (2020). ‘Cultural trauma and the politics of access to higher education in Syria.’ Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education. Belluigi D. and Parkinson T. (2020). ‘Building solidarity through comparative lived experiences of post/conflict: Reflections on two days of dialogue.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp.16-23. Hanley T. (2020). ‘Lessons from an evolving model to support higher education in countries affected by conflict.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 45-51. Khuder B. and Petrić B. (2020). ‘Education through collaboration: Textual interventions in supporting exiled scholars’ academic literacies development.’ Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp.24-28. Parkinson T., Heron M., Ajaj N. and Khuder B. (2020). ‘Interdisciplinary collaborative writing for publication with exiled academics: The nature of relational expertise.’ Compare: A Journal of comparative and international education. Shaban F. (2020). ‘Rebuilding higher education in northern Syria’. Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 53-59. Millican J. ‘The survival of universities in contested territories: Findings from two roundtable discussions on institutions in the Northwest of Syria.’ (2020). Education and Conflict Review. Issue 3, pp. 38-44. Omaish H., Hosein A., Usame Abdullah M. and Dershewi AM. (2021). ‘University lecturer’s perceptions on the causes of students’ mathematical knowledge gaps in conflict zones.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Abdulkerim S., Nasır A., Parkinson P., Marais D., Altaha R. and Shaban F. (2022). ‘Enhancing higher education teaching and learning in northern Syria: Academic development needs of teaching staff at free Aleppo and Sham universities’. International Journal of Educational Research Open. Almelhem S., AlMashhor E, Alabdallah S., Kadan B., Alzoabi M. and Jhar A. (2022). ‘Factors affecting gender balance in higher education in northwest Syria: Challenges and potential actions.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Assaf M., Lakmes A., Gazy Alobaidy M., Shabou F., Ahmad W., Alhasan M. and Trayek F. (2022). ‘Evaluating the effectiveness of student-record systems in conflict-affected universities in northwest Syria relative to student transition and mobility.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Jesry M., Alhaj Omar F., Rashwani A., Bark I., Jammo K., Ajam S. and Kassab Z. (2022). ‘Exploring the value of a risk-management quality-assurance model to support delivery of quality higher education in the conflict-affected northwest of Syria.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open. Omaish H A., Sennuo A., Alymany G., Usame Abdullah M., AlNakib S., Divan A. and Dionigi F. (2022). ‘Knowledge gaps amongst students entering higher education in the non-regime North of Syria: Causes and possible solutions.’ International Journal of Educational Research Open.

Language & Linguistics

Ateek M., Furneaux C., Capstick T., Costa B., Reynolds S., Sowton C., and Dixon K. (2022). ‘Language for resilience: Cross-disciplinary perspectives on the role of language in enhancing the resilience of refugees and host communities.’ British Council. Müezzin A., Jesry M., Ateek, M., Heron M., Abdullah A. H. and Ajam S. (2023) ‘The Effectiveness of Online Learning and Teaching of Arabic as a Foreign Language in Turkish Universities’. darulfunun ilahiyat.

Literature

Aldared F., Anis R., Kemal B., and Wooley A. (2023) ‘Diasporic Syrian women writers: Stories of resilience and survival’. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies.

Reconstruction

Rashwani A., Kadan B., Choubi S., Alhammoudi Y., Hanein T., Guadagnini M., Meral Akgul C. and Provis J. (2023). ‘Rebuilding Syria from the rubble: Recycled concrete aggregate from war-destroyed buildings.’ Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. Alsamar A., Korabi A., Jalabi S., Khan I., and Lintelo D. (2023). ‘Land registry in Syria after a decade of conflict: A tale of three cities.’ Journal of International Development. Shaban, F., and Mahmoud, F. (2024) ‘‘How can I get there?’: Effects of road system destruction in the northeast of Aleppo governorate under war conditions’. Case Studies on Transport Policy.

Social Studies

Mulki, H., Alabdullah, S., Halil, A., Al-Ali, N., Kyriakidou, M., and Stavinoha, L. (2024) ‘Online Toxicity Against Syrians in Turkish Twitter: Analysis and Implications’. International Journal of Communication. Mehmetali, I. (2024) ‘Causes and consequences of female child marriage among displaced Syrians in Turkey: an intersectional approach’. Contemporary Islam.

Cara 90th Anniversary Publication

In Solidarity: The Other Side of Hope

Independent Evaluations

The Syria Programme (SP) is subject to continuous monitoring and consultation with participants to allow review and adjustment of underlying assumptions. Participant-feedback is obtained following Istanbul workshops, with formal participant focus groups run annually. The third SP independent evaluation was carried out in 2022.